The US is moving away from using genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to grow crops, as a technology to protect farmers from climate change and food pests, as well as a tool to boost economic competitiveness.
The US has been using GMOs since the 1990s.
But the technology is not without its detractors.
In March this year, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) said it would phase out GMOs, but it did not recommend they be used for food production.
In its report on the US food supply in 2019, the USDA noted that the use of GMOs in US crops is being phased out.
The report, titled “US Food Supply 2019: How to Use GMO Food to Improve Food Security”, notes that there are three main reasons that are leading to the decline of GMO crops: (i) the advent of high-yield crops; (ii) the increasing adoption of natural breeding technologies; and (iii) increased use of chemical fertilizers.GMO is the most commonly used type of crop technology, with more than one million GM crops in use in the United States.
In the US, corn, soybean, cotton and cotton products are all genetically modified, and GM maize and soybeans are now grown in many parts of the country.
But the USDA also found that GM technology is less efficient in many aspects, including production and transport, than traditional techniques, such as traditional breeding, chemical fertilization, and water management.
The USDA noted in its report that GM crops were less nutritious, less productive, and more expensive.
It added that the cost of GM crops has been rising over the past five years, which is not surprising given the rapid adoption of GMO technology.
But in 2018, the Obama administration announced a new initiative to reduce the cost and pollution associated with the use, cultivation, and sale of GMOs.
This included the US-China Biodiversity Partnership, which would focus on the use and cultivation of GMOs and other agricultural technologies.
The partnership will support research into the technology’s environmental and economic benefits and will help China develop more efficient, low-cost GM production and transportation technologies, the White House said at the time.
In 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the establishment of a new agency to promote and promote the use as well the development of Chinese GM crop technology and related technologies.
The new Chinese biotechnology agency will work in cooperation with US-based agricultural technology companies, including Syngenta, Monsanto and DuPont, to develop GM technology for farmers and to improve its competitiveness, the Chinese foreign ministry said in a statement.
In 2018 the Trump administration announced it would halt a US$2.7 billion loan program to Chinese agribusiness giant Syngentas GM technology, which has led to the development and use of a variety of GM varieties, including corn and soybean.